When choosing a perfume, different aspects must be taken into account. The life of a perfume goes through three phases, which follow each other in chained interactions:
- head sectionThe output of a perfume, is the first impression you have of its essence. It consists of the most volatile components. Lasts for 2 to 5 minutes.
- heart or bodyThe heart is made up of ingredients that have a slower evaporation process and are the ones that add character to it. It lasts about 20 minutes.
The bottom of a perfume, composed of less volatile elements and with fixing properties, completes the fragrance. It is the one that gives us the true essence of the perfume and its evolution is decisive for its election. Its duration is higher or lower depending on the concentration of the same.
Depending on the concentration of fragrance in alcohol, which only serves as a vehicle for it, and the combination of elements of the olfactory pyramid, there are different types of perfume: Parfum, Eau de Parfum, Eau de Toilette, Eau de Cologne , etc.
Each skin has different physical-chemical characteristics that also directly influence the development of the fragrance, so that the same perfume applied to different people can be perceived very differently.
Finally, the personality of each person directly influences the choice of a perfume, since it can modify or reinforce that personality from the outside.
Depending on the olfactory notes present in each fragrance, based on the main note, different families are classified:
- Hespéride: Fragrances composed essentially of citric notes (ingredients originating from naranio) and floral notes or cyprus. Subfamilies: Aromatic Hesperus, Spice Hesperus, Floral Hesperidus, Woody Hesperidus.
- Cyprus: Fragrances of strong character, built with the chords of oak moss, patchouli or bergamot, for example. Subfamilies: Cyprus Floral, Cyprus Frutal, Cyprus Aldehyde, Aromatic Chípre and Green Cyprus.
- Floral: Floral notes can be both the basic essence of the perfume and the complement of other families. Subf: Floral SoliFlor, Floral Bouquet, Aldehyde Floral, Aquatic Floral, Woody Floral, Floral Green, Floral Floral and Floral Muguet.
- Oriental: This family includes all those based on vanilla, resin, balsamic essences and animal notes. Subfamilies: Oriental Spice, Oriental Floral, Oriental Hesperus and Sweet Oriental.
- Aromatic: Fragrances created with notes of sage, rosemary, thyme or lavender, accompanied in general of hesperidados and spicy chords. Subfamilies: Aromatic Aromatic, Fresh Aromatic, Aromatic Fern and Woody Aromatic.
- Wood: Composed of notes of sandalwood and patchouli, which provide warmth; or cedar and vetiver, which are more fresh. Subfamilies: Hesperian Wood, Spruce Wood, Amber Wood, Aromatic Wood, Aquatic Wood and Floral Wood.
The fragrances are made from natural or synthetic essences. The natural essences may be of vegetable or animal origin and are obtained by distillation or extraction methods.
- The essences of vegetal origin are obtained from: flowers (lavender, rose, violet, geranium, narcissus, jasmine, ...); leaves, herbs, branches and stems (patchouli, mint, ...); bark, woods and mosses (sandalwood, cinnamon, moss, ...); fruits, skins and berries (bergamot, lemon, lime, clove, anise, vanilla, nutmeg, peach, ...); resins, gums and bálsamos (benjuÃ, incense, gábbano, myrrh, Â ...); roots and rhizomes (lily, ginger, vetiver, ...). Some are very difficult to find, which makes perfume expensive.
- The essences of animal origin used in perfumery are rare and are usually secretions that some species produce as a sexual claim or as protection: amber gray, musk, castoreo and civet, are some examples.
The synthetic essences, with their lower cost of elaboration, have allowed to lower the price of the perfumes. Synthetic essences are obtained by synthesis from organic substances, whether essential oils, hydrocarbons or charcoal, and it has also been possible to create compounds that do not exist in nature.