Friday, September 8, 2017

History of Perfume

The origins of the perfume

 Remained shrouded in a mystery aura and only traced to ancient Egypt. Incense (derived from Latin and means 'through smoke') and nuts are the basic ingredients Egyptians use to rearrange the ceremonies, healing and beauty supplements of women. Their habit is to burn incense at sunset when they pray. On the other hand, Egyptians use perfumes in the cones that are placed overhead and the aroma is delicious.

Later, the Greeks inherited these techniques, but also improved them. 

The Greeks, who regarded the perfume as a gift from Venus, used a different scent for each part of the body: mint for the arms, marjoram for the hair, palm oil for the chest, thyme for the knees and oil of oregano for legs and feet, among others.

The Romans imported raw materials

The Romans imported raw materials like myrrh and incense from Arabia and brought other magical substances from India.

They overused them and poured perfume on the walls, on the floor, on horses and dogs, and even on armies.   When the Roman Empire fell, the custom of perfume in the West also fell. The tradition remained only in Arabia, where mass plant distillation techniques were developed. Baghdad became the city of a thousand and one fragrances. They discovered more ingredients such as musk, which they mixed with mortar for the construction of palaces and mosques.

During the Middle Ages, at the time of the Crusades, trade between East and West became more pronounced. It was at that moment that the perfume was rediscovered, brought by the crusaders.   The first perfume made for commercial purposes dates back to the 14th century, and was known at that time as Water Queen or Water admirable, names given by its creator, chemist and Italian merchant Juan Maria Farina, who in 1709 settled in Cologne, a city of the Prussian Empire.   However, it was not until the sixteenth century that it was really spread, thanks to Catherine de Medici, who imposed the fashion of perfume in Paris.

Subsequently, with the Industrial Revolution,

 Perfume is marketed on a large scale. Perfumers specialize in chemistry to better develop their products, and more than a fashion, perfumes became a requirement in the aesthetic ideal to date.   At the beginning of the twentieth century, perfumes were given as gifts in clothing stores, but then began to sell and in a matter of a few years, exclusive perfume houses were opened. The first of these was founded by Jeanne Lanvin.

Over time, better techniques were developed and new ingredients were discovered for the manufacture of the perfume and today it is an industry that circulates millions of dollars and of which the designers depend more than even their designs of clothes.